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Andrew Reed was a Congregationalist minister with a doctorate from Yale who encouraged philanthropy on a grand scale. Many of the schools and hospitals he founded live on to the present day.
Perhaps Rev. Dr. Andrew Reed’s most extraordinary talent was for social networking. For it was surely his ability to extract donations from the rich and famous of Victorian England that enabled him to found so many institutions, including:
D.D from Yale
Born in St Clement Danes in Middlesex, England on November 27th 1787, he studied theology at Hackney Academy and was ordained a Congregationalist Minister in 1811. In 1830 he was instrumental in building the Wycliffe Chapel where he remained until 1861. He died on 25th February 1862 and is buried in Abney Park Cemetery in Stoke Newington, London.
In 1834 he visited the USA on a deputation to the Congregationalist Churches and received the degree of D.D from Yale. He was instrumental in the formation of Boston’s first anti-slavery society. His report on his visit includes the following statement, controversial at the time: “Justice, Truth, Mercy, Religion—Earth and Heaven, demand of America that she should assure the world she is what she professes to be, by preserving the Indian, and emancipating the African.”
Together with his wife, Elizabeth Reed, he compiled a hymn book containing some 21 hymns of his own composition as well as a similar number of hers.
Schools and Hospitals
But it is for the many institutions that he founded that he is remembered. These include:
- London Infant Asylum – subsequently The Royal Wanstead School. The school is now closed, but The Royal Wanstead Trust continues to offer bursaries to support attendance at suitable boarding schools for children where “the home circumstances are seriously prejudicial to the normal development of the child”
- Asylum for Fatherless Children – later Reedham Orphanage, still later Reedham School. Like RWS, the school has closed and been replaced by The Reedham Trust with similar aims.
- Asylum for Idiots at Reigate – later Royal Earlswood Hospital. “Idiots” being the unflinching term used in Victorian times for the learning disabled. In 1847 Reed toured Europe to gather information on institutions serving the purpose, in response to a suggestion by Ann Serena Plumbe and Dr John Connolly.The first superintendent was John Langdon-Down after whom Down’s Syndrome was named. The hospital closed in 1997 as part of the modern policy of moving such individuals into the community. The site is now occupied by luxury apartments.
- Royal Hospital for Incurables in Putney. – now known as the Royal Hospital for Neuro-Disability, and still active in the treatment of people suffering brain injuries and researching such treatments.
- London Orphan Asylum – Now Reed’s School and located in Cobham Surrey. The school still provides education for boys under the original foundation, as well as a much larger number of private pupils. In the 1950’s, when I was a pupil, much of the cutlery still carried the identification “LOA”.
Rich and Famous
Reed associated with a wide circle of the rich and famous of his time. The “Royal” tag to so many of the institutions with which he is associated shows that these included Queen Victoria, who often provided funds in the name of her son, The Prince of Wales, later Edward VII.
Other benefactors included Sir Morton Peto, Rev Francis Cox, Dr Leifchild, Miss Burdett Couutts of the famous banking family, and Lord Morpeth.
The writer Charles Dickens was another associate and it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that “Dootheboys Hall”, which features in “Nicholas Nickleby”, is based on one, or more probably, an amalgam of several, of Reed’s orphanages.
Reed’s ministry and his work as an educator and social reformer were continued by his sons, Andrew and Charles, and his grandson, Talbot Baines Reed who is also well known as a writer of stories for boys.
Andrew Reed wrote his own epitaph. It reads as follows:
I was born yesterday, I shall die tomorrow,
And I must not spend today in telling what I have done,
But in doing what I may for HIM who has done all for me.
I sprang from the people, I have lived for the people–
The most for the most unhappy; and the people when
They know it will not suffer me to die out of loving remembrance.
His monument, a tall obelisk of polished red granite, can be seen today at the London Congregationalists’ garden cemetery Abney Park Cemetery, Stoke Newington. As stated on timetravel-britain.com, “Stoke Newington was an area known for its religious dissidents, many of whom were founders or members of educational and social reform movements. A visit to Abney Park is highly recommended for those with an interest in religious or social history.”
I can honestly say that Andrew Reed was a great influence in my life. Use the comments to tell me about someone whose influence contributed to making you the person you are today.